What is CLAT Exam all about?

CLAT is a national-level exam which is conducted once a year. The exam aims at providing admission to undergraduate and postgraduate programmes. It is one of the most popular Law entrance exams in India. 


Name of the Examination Common Law Admission Test (CLAT)
Exam Date 18 December 2022
Application process begins 8 August 2022
Last date for application 13 November 2022 (till 11:59 PM)
Purpose Admission to courses like: BA LLB, BSc. LLB, BBA LLB, LLM etc.
Conducting Body Consortium of National Law Universities
Participating Institutions 22 NLUs (Except NLU Delhi)

Various Private Institutions

Medium of Examination English
Mode of Examination  Pen and Paper mode
Question type Passage based MCQ type questions
Frequency Once a Year
Exam Level National


CLAT Eligibility Criteria

The Consortium released the CLAT Eligibility criteria along with the official notification of CLAT 2023. The Eligibility Criteria include the qualifying marks, minimum qualifying marks and the age limit for CLAT 2023. Candidates should check the eligibility criteria before applying for the CLAT exam.

CLAT is conducted for both UG and PG law degree courses, but the eligibility conditions are different for both. These relate to the candidate’s previous educational qualifications. Here, we have explained the requirements for CLAT UG and PG:

CLAT 2023: Eligibility for Undergraduate Programs

A candidate should have passed 10+2 or any equivalent exam with the following percentage:-
  • 45% marks for candidates in the General/OBC/Specially-abled Persons (SAP) category.
  • 40% marks for the candidates belonging to the SC/ST category.
  • Any candidate appearing in the qualifying examination, i.e., 10+2, can also appear for this examination. However, they should be able to produce sufficient evidence to prove that they have passed 10+2 at the time of admission.

CLAT 2023: Eligibility for Postgraduate Programs

  • LL.B. or equivalent degree in law examination with a minimum of 55% marks in General/OBC/SAP categories and 50% marks in case of SC/ST category.
  • Candidates appearing in the qualifying examination in April/May 2022 will also be eligible to appear in the CLAT 2023 examination. However, they will be required to prove their having passed the qualifying examination at the allotted National Law Universities at admission.
As per the revised standards, there will be no upper age limit for UG Program in CLAT 2023.
Qualifying Examination 10+2 or an equivalent examination from a recognised board or institution
Minimum Qualifying marks For General / OBC / PWD / NRI / PIO / OCI category candidates: 45% or its equivalent grade in Qualifying examination.

For SC/ST candidates: 40% or its equivalent grade in Qualifying examination.

Age No upper age limit


CLAT 2023 Application Process

 The candidates willing to appear for CLAT 2023 shall first register themselves. The candidates must take the following steps to register for CLAT 2023.


  1. Visit the official website of the Consortium and click on the CLAT 2023 portal.
  2. Click on register when the portal opens.
  3. Fill in all the details asked in the popped-up form. Carefully mention your name, mobile no., and email id.
  4. You are expected to create a password to log in to your CLAT 2023 portal.
  5. Fill all the details and click on register..
  6. After registration is done, activate the account through an OTP sent to your registered mobile number. 
  7. After activation of the account, fill in your details, educational details, reservation details and communication details.
  8. Upload the documents asked in the form, like the category certificate, candidates’ signature and passport size photo.
  9. Fill in the test centre preference.
  10. Once all the details have been filled in, make the fee paid.
  11. Once the fee is paid, your application form is considered submitted.

Follow these steps, and your CLAT 2023 registration process will be complete without hassle. 


CLAT  2023 Exam Pattern

The Consortium releases the exam pattern for CLAT exam. The candidates must be well aware of the CLAT exam pattern.


Maximum Marks 150
Duration 2:00 Hours (120 minutes)
No of Sections 5 (English Language, Current Affairs, including General Knowledge, Legal Reasoning, Logical Reasoning, Quantitative Techniques)
Question Type MCQ
No. of questions  150 Questions 
Marking Scheme There will be negative marking.

1 Mark for correct answers.

0.25 mark deduction for wrong answers.


Apart from these details about the exam, subject wise weightage has also been shared. 


Subject Area Expected no. of Questions Weightage in Percentage
English Language 28-32 20%
Current Affairs, including General Knowledge 35-39 25%
Legal Reasoning 35-39 25%
Logical Reasoning 28-32 20%
Quantitative Techniques 13-17 10%


CLAT 2023 Exam Syllabus

The Consortium has laid out the CLAT syllabus into 5 sections. These sections are the same as the ones in the actual CLAT exam. Each unit includes passage-based MCQ questions. However, the questions in each section assess different skills and knowledge sets.

  1. Section I – English: The questions in this section aim to test the candidate’s comprehension skills through passages of 450 words each. The passages will be about some historical and recent events. The passages can be fictional as well as non-fictional.
  2. Section II – Current Affairs: This section includes questions from Static GK, politics, Sports, famous personalities, prizes and awards, world affairs etc.
  3. Section III- Legal reasoning:  This Section will check the candidates’ aptitude for legal studies. Passages will state current or static news that is law related. Study of law, Legal GK, current affairs, International treaties, Court Decisions/Judgements etc., are some of the crucial topics of this section.
  4. Section IV- Logical Reasoning: This section assesses the Verbal reasoning skills of the candidates. Topics like syllogism, directions, puzzles, cause & effect, clocks & calendars, logical sequencing etc., will be included.
  5. Section V- Quantitative Techniques: This section intends to assess the quantitative aptitude of the candidates. The section includes topics from elementary mathematics. Most questions are related to bar graphs, charts and other graphical representations. Apart from this, algebra, profit loss, measurement, speed & distance, work & time, and other elementary mathematics topics are important.

You can visit the Consortium’s official website to know more about the CLAT 2023 exam. You must visit the website regularly to stay updated about the CLAT 2023 exam.

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